Qs to Consider: IQ, EQ, SQ and AQ

This time around, I will not talk about the Q in ECQ or GCQ.  It will be about Quotients and not Quarantines.  I came across a Facebook post, recently, that briefly talked about four types of intelligence, namely IQ, EQ, SQ and AQ.  According to the post:

IQ or Intelligence Quotient is the measure of your comprehension ability, solve maths, memorize things and recall subject matters.

EQ or Emotional Quotient is the measure of your ability to maintain peace with others, keep to time, be responsible, be honest, respect boundaries, be humble, genuine and considerate.  It represents the person’s character.

SQ or Social Quotient is the measure of your ability to build a network of friends and maintain it over a long period of time.  It represents the person’s charisma.

AQ or Adversity Quotient is the measure of your ability to go through a rough patch in life and come out without losing your mind.

The post emphasizes that people with higher EQ and SQ tend to go farther in life than those with high IQ alone.  On the other hand, the importance of a high AQ cannot be denied especially during our present circumstances.

(Credits go to the original owner of the above information.  It was not indicated in the shared post.)

In my line of work, I have often heard about IQ and EQ and that IQ can be inherited and EQ learned through life experiences.  I am also aware that EQ is more important than IQ.  It is only now that I have come across SQ and AQ. 

On top of my head, why are they called “quotient?”

It was in 1912 when a German psychologist, William Stern, proposed a method of scoring standardized intelligence tests of children.  He called it Intelligenz-Quotient (German).  Later, Lewis Madison Terman, an American psychologist, gave a nod to this form of scoring.  Just as in the mathematical operation, division, where the answer is termed, quotient, the IQ score was calculated by dividing the test taker’s mental age by his chronological age.  This number is then, multiplied by 100.  The number derived is the IQ.  During this time, it was only IQ they were able to measure.  They used the first version of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, now on its 5th revision, and is still used to measure the cognitive ability, developmental or intellectual deficiencies of children. 

apple, coffee, computer

Intelligence Quotient

IQ signifies mental potential and academic ability.  It is a measure of your reasoning ability:  how you can use information to answer questions and come up with valid predictions.  The scale tests five factors:  knowledge, quantitative reasoning, visual-spatial processing, working memory and fluid reasoning. 

If you have a high IQ, it means that you have functional ADL (activities of daily living) skills and can function in a society well.  It also means that you have a good set of executive functions.  I would say that IQ is important, at least, for independent living skills:  taking care of self, household affairs, job and community participation and contribution.

Daringtolivefully.com lists 14 steps to increase your IQ:

  1. Walk around the block
  2. Take deep breaths
  3. Keep a journal
  4. Explore new things
  5. Take frequent short breaks
  6. Improve your memory
  7. Eat breakfast
  8. Use your body to help you learn
  9. Meditate
  10. Stay away from sugar
  11. Cultivate your EQ
  12. Use downtime
  13. Engage all your senses
  14. Load up your antioxidants
girlfriends, hug, trust

Emotional Quotient

EQ, on the other hand, is important in terms of determining your success in life areas such as work and career.  It surfaced in the 1990s and popularized in 1995 by Daniel Goleman, with his book, Emotional Intelligence.  EQ is your ability to understand emotions:  your own and others’ well.  More than your brain, you use your heart to guide your thoughts, your behavior and your relationships.

If IQ measures what the brain can do, EQ focuses more on what the heart signifies, including self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy and social skills. 

How do we measure EQ?

6seconds.org champions the cause of emotional intelligence.  They have standardized tools to measure your EQ such as Vital Signs and Six Seconds EI.  They also train trainors and teachers to expand best EQ practices among children and adults alike.  Just a side note, I went to La Vie Institute last summer and inquired about their EQ classes for the son.  Their program’s goals and activities from Six Seconds sounded fun and insightful but we were not able to push through because of the pandemic.

Since I am a fan of free online tests this quarantine, I am sharing a site for free IQ and EQ tests here.

Inc.com provides 10 ways to hone your EQ:

  1. Utilize an assertive style of communicating
  2. Respond instead of react in a conflict
  3. Utilize active listening skills
  4. Be motivated
  5. Practice ways to maintain positive attitude
  6. Practice self awareness
  7. Take critique well
  8. Empathize with others
  9. Utilize leadership skills
  10. Be approachable and sociable
team spirit, cohesion, together

Spiritual Quotient

Now, the FB post that jousted me to write this article says SQ means Social Quotient.  However, since Social Skills is already included in EQ, as was written above, I have decided to go with Spiritual Quotient.  If we have parts of intelligence dominated by the brain (IQ) and heart (EQ), I suppose, this would be the part led by the soul.  Not to mention, I found more Google results of spiritual than social quotient.

According to the book, SQ: Connecting with Our Spiritual Intelligence by Danah Zohar and Ian Marshall, SQ is our most fundamental intelligence.  It is what we use to develop the capacity for meaning, vision and value.

People with high SQ are capable to put the interests of others above their personal interests.  Its three aspects include responsibility, humility and happiness. Big companies abroad such as Nike and Ford are taking on this quotient for the benefit of their organization, business and employees themselves.  

Take the test here.

Amca.com names key skills in enhancing your SQ:

  1. Self-awareness
  2. Knowing your strengths and shadows
  3. Living from deep beliefs
  4. Mindfulness
  5. Generosity of spirit
  6. Having compassion and empathy
  7. Humility
  8. Ability to rebound from problems
  9. Addressing sacred wounds and events
  10. integrating our faith
  11. Valuing diversity
rock, ball, struggle

Adversity Quotient

According to the FB post, this is a new paradigm.  I would say it is timely, too.  AQ is the ability of a person to deal with adversities.  Wikipedia says it is the science of resilience.  I found some articles that call it Adaptability Quotient, which is also applicable since AQ deals with attitude, mental stress, perseverance, longevity, learning and response to change. 

I would like to think that this quotient sums up all the brain (IQ), heart (EQ) and soul (SQ) of a person.  Because, really, when you are faced with any form of life’s knots, whether it’s big or small, what do you tend to do?  You gather all of yourself and muster what you can to slip through and disentangle yourself from the mess. I guess, this is what AQ is all about.

How to measure AQ, you ask.  Paul Stolz developed the Adversity Response Profile.  Peaklearning.com offers the test for personal development and learning and for job applicants. 

If you want to know how resilient you can be, take the manual test here.

Enc.ph gives the ABCs to help develop your AQ:

  1. Accept that you are limited, but remember that you have a unique purpose
  2. Be aware of your weaknesses, but know that you are unconditionally loved and accepted.
  3. Circumstances cannot be predicted, but believe that God is in control.

Here, I have collated information about these quotients–what they are, how to measure them, links to tests and ways to improve. I hope this helps you, as much as I believe it will help me, for I strongly feel that aiming for a life-long learning should start with learning about yourself.

(In the near future, I plan to adapt a similar post for the benefit of our kids: my son, my OT kids and yours.)

References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adversity_quotient#:~:text=An%20adversity%20quotient%20(AQ)%20is,Quotient%3A%20Turning%20Obstacles%20Into%20Opportunities.

https://psychcentral.com/lib/what-is-emotional-intelligence-eq/

https://www.psychreg.org/spiritual-quotient/

https://www.stoodnt.com/blog/mind-your-qs-understanding-iq-eq-sq-cq-aq/

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